The match cut is a cut between two shots which match graphically. This match establishes a sense of continuity and interconnectedness between two different spatial or temporal spheres.
Psycho (1960), directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
Lawrence of Arabia (1962), directed by David Lean.
The Graduate (1967), directed by Mike Nichols.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), directed by Stanley Kubrick.